The Continuing Adventures of President Moron
President Trump pledged on Sunday to help Chinese telecom giant ZTE return to business, days after the company said it would cease “major operating activities” because of the U.S. government’s recent trade restrictions, a dramatic shift in tone for a president who has long accused China of stealing U.S. jobs.
“President Xi of China, and I, are working together to give massive Chinese phone company, ZTE, a way to get back into business, fast,” Trump tweeted. “Too many jobs in China lost. Commerce Department has been instructed to get it done!”
The comment could presage a reversal of one of the Trump administration’s toughest actions to date against a Chinese company. Last month, the Commerce Department penalized ZTE for violating a settlement with the U.S. government over illegal shipments to Iran and North Korea.
As a result, the Trump administration barred U.S. firms for seven years from exporting critical microchips and other parts to ZTE, the world's fourth-largest smartphone manufacturer. ZTE then halted major operations, stressing in a statement Wednesday that it is “actively communicating with the relevant U.S. government departments in order to facilitate the modification or reversal” of the Commerce Department’s order. Now the crisis for ZTE may be nearing an end, a development that stunned trade and national security experts.
The Treasury Department and the Commerce Department had been strongly aligned against ZTE as recently as several days ago.
It’s highly unusual for a president to personally intervene in a regulatory matter and could undercut the leverage of Treasury and Commerce officials seeking to enforce sanctions and trade rules.
It could send the signal to foreign leaders that anything can be put on the bargaining table as Trump seeks to cut trade deals, trade analysts said.
"It seems to cut across the concern about tech competition with China, supplying Iran, and jobs in China, so it all seems pretty confusing," Adam Segal, the director of the Digital and Cyberspace Policy Program at the Council on Foreign Relations, said of Trump's tweet. "That’s why everybody’s so flabbergasted by it. We’ve had from the beginning of this administration an increased drumbeat of warnings about ZTE and Huawei and the threat to U.S. security by having any of their products in the United States or U.S. supply chains. We’ve seen that from the FBI, the intelligence community and DOD that this is just too much of a threat, and that these companies are a threat to U.S. technological leadership going forward." ZTE's business in the United States has long raised concerns among national security officials.
Shortly after Trump's tweet, Rep. Adam Schiff (D-Calif.) said, "Our intelligence agencies have warned that ZTE technology and phones pose a major cyber security threat. You should care more about our national security than Chinese jobs."
The White House did not respond to a request for comment. A ZTE spokesman also did not respond to an email seeking comment. Trump is trying to broker a historic agreement with North Korea in an attempt to denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.
The president has said that his economic approach to China is linked to his national security strategy, and China plays an integral part in any decision made by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
Trump's tweet on Sunday comes just days before U.S. officials are planning to meet with Liu He, one of Chinese President Xi Jinping's closest advisers, to discuss the strained trade ties. That meeting is expected to be held in Washington this week or next.
Nevertheless, trade tensions between the United States and China remain sky high. Trump has proposed tariffs on as much as $60 billion in Chinese goods, and Beijing has responded in kind, prompting only continued threats from the president, who repeatedly lamented the trade deficit between the two countries during the 2016 presidential campaign.
Recently, the Trump administration also has sought to limit the encroachment of Chinese telecommunications firms in the United States. The U.S. government initially penalized ZTE in 2017, requiring it to pay $1.19 billion to settle charges that it violated U.S. sanctions in selling equipment to Iran and North Korea. As part of the settlement, ZTE also was required to punish employees involved in the matter and tighten its internal monitoring. But U.S. officials said this year that ZTE didn’t discipline all the employees involved in the violations. “This egregious behavior cannot be ignored,” Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said last month, as the U.S. announced its punishment to ban U.S. firms from supplying ZTE. The company, which is the fourth largest smartphone maker behind Apple, Samsung and LG, relies on microchip, glass and other parts from U.S. firms such as Qualcomm, Intel and Corning.
ZTE generally makes inexpensive smartphones, which have grown in popularity in recent years. “It was clear to me that there was a range of options between a handslap and ‘I destroy you as a company’ and Secretary Ross decided to go with ‘I destroy you as a company,’” said Chris Johnson, a former CIA analyst and a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
In addition, the Defense Department in April ordered military exchanges to cease selling ZTE phones on U.S. bases. And the Federal Communications Commission recently moved toward prohibiting U.S. Internet providers that receive federal funds from spending them on equipment made by companies such as Huawei, another major Chinese telecom player.
It was difficult to pinpoint what led to Trump's tweet on Sunday.
ZTE has been active in seeking to change the president's mind. It has been working with the law firm Hogan Lovells, among others, who sought advice from people close to the administration, according to a person familiar with the matter, speaking on condition of anonymity to speak freely about the matter.
In 2017, ZTE paid the Podesta Group $250,000 for lobbying as well as $200,000 to a firm called Appo-G LLC. This year it has continued to pay Appo-G and its lobbyist Jon Christensen $50,000. The counsel the company received was that it should alter its board of directors, change corporate governance, and make sure that Chinese President Xi Jinping was informed in case Trump brought the issue up in a phone call with the Chinese leader, the person said.
It was not clear if Commerce officials were consulted on the President's tweet.
A spokesman for the Commerce Department did not respond to a request for comment Sunday. "This whiplash-like approach to the Commerce Department's exercise of such far-reaching authority is unusual and unwise, particularly if it wasn’t the product of careful interagency discussion and analysis weighing all the pros and cons," said David Laufman, a former Justice Department official responsible for the criminal enforcement of U.S. export control and sanctions laws.
Trump’s international economic policies have been marked by ultimatums and threats that are frequently followed by exemptions and reversals. Foreign leaders often do not know whether he will follow through on something he vows to do or whether he will back down.
This is not normal.
These are the actions of an insane and/or senile and/or idiotic man in the presidency.
Just the thought of a US president trying to save Chinese jobs BLOWS MY FUCKING MIND.